His vice-presidential candidate was Andrew Johnson from Tennessee. George B. McClellan , who in May won the nomination of the Radical Democracy Party, formed by a group of disaffected Republicans. Start studying Civil War and Election of 1864. However, Union Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman’s capture of Atlanta in early September significantly boosted Northern morale. Both sides, furthermore, were critical of Lincoln’s wartime restraints on civil liberties. At the Democratic convention in August, a compromise was struck whereby McClellan was nominated as the party’s presidential candidate and the Copperheads were allowed authority over the party platform; accordingly, they inserted a plank calling for immediate peace negotiations. His policy to quote the London Times was "to put an end to the war, if possible Who was “first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen”? Lincoln closed his first inaugural address On this day in 1864, Abraham Lincoln, the nation's 16th president, won his bid for a second term. The last presidential election to take place in wartime had been in 1812. But he steadfastly rejected pleas to postpone the election.   Republican seat. Three new states (West Virginia, Nevada, and Kansas) had been added since 1860 while the eleven states of the Confederacy did not participate. For the results of the previous election, see United States presidential election of 1860. According to Oscar O. Winther in his The Republic ticket was Abraham Lincoln running for reelection. ...” in 📙 History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. , was an advocate for peace. Lincoln's win made him the first president to win re-election since Andrew Jackson, and the first two-term President unaffiliated with the Democratic-Republican Party or the Democratic Party since John Adams. [[One or more errors were encountered while rendering this page. The presidential election of 1864 was a remarkable example of the resilience of the democratic process in a time of extreme national uncertainty and chaos. defeated Democrat As the election occurred during the Please check the site logs for more details]] As late as August 23, Lincoln considered it “exceedingly probable” that he would not be reelected. Copperheads As part of the Ninth Annual Lincoln Forum, Professor Long discussed President Abraham Lincoln and his election campaign of 1860 in great detail. Red denotes states won by Lincoln, blue denotes states won by McClellan, and brown denotes Confederate states that did not participate in the election. Then, in 1864, the most elaborate election conspiracy in America’s brief history was discovered before it could corrupt the vote. As the election occurred during the ughhh why don't you wikipedia the election of 1864 0 1 Still have questions? Abraham Lincoln defeated Democrat George B. McClellan . Corrections? United States presidential election of 1864, American presidential election held on Nov. 8, 1864, in which Republican Pres. 0 0 Anonymous 1 decade ago OMG I KNOW THIS. In early 1864 Secretary of State In addition to this, the ticket also carried Louisiana and Tennessee's 17 electoral votes. Andrew Johnson In the wake of the victory, Frémont withdrew his candidacy, and newspapers and churches both provided enthusiastic endorsements of Lincoln. Here's a brief history of mail-in ballots. Well as said, Sherman breaking the back of the Confederate rebellion was huge. The elections were held during the American Civil War. The election of 1864 had two candidates. In addition, the Democratic vice presidential nominee, Ohio Rep. George Pendleton Since the election of 1860, the Electoral College had expanded with the admission of … After Lincoln’s election seven Southern states seceded, setting the stage for the American Civil War. When did the election of 1860 happen and who all was involved? Confronted by Copperhead opposition and by dissension within his cabinet, U.S. Pres. In the presidential election of 1864, Abraham Lincoln was elected to his second term in office. By Lincoln’s inauguration in March, 1861 seven states from the Deep South had already left the Union. More committed to their broad strategic policies than to strict partisanship, the Republicans attempted to siphon the support of pro-war Democrats by temporarily renaming themselves the National Union Party and by replacing Vice Pres. The Lincoln-Johnson ticket carried 212 electoral votes from 22 states. The phrase “New Frontier” is associated with which U.S. president? On November 8, 1864, Northern voters overwhelmingly endorse the leadership and policies of President Abraham Lincoln when they elect him to a second term. The Election of 1864 and Emancipation The presidential contest of 1864 featured a transformed electorate. https://www.britannica.com/event/United-States-presidential-election-of-1864, National Park Service - Grant Lincoln and the 1864 Election, HistoryNet - Decision 1864: Facts About the Election of 1864, Maps of World - United States Presidential Election 1864, United States History - United States Presidential Election of 1864, Presidency of the United States of America, United States presidential election of 1860, United States presidential election of 1868. That he won again in 1864, seemed nothing short of a miracle. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. With his re-election… Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. 1864 presidential election results. His first appearance on the national stage...…, In 1864 he was the Democratic vice presidential nominee, sharing the ticket with the former Union army...…. McClellan won only the states of Delaware, New Jersey, and Kentucky. Think again! McClellan won Kentucky, New Jersey, and Delaware. The strategic selection of Johnson as a vice presidential candidate proved unexpectedly consequential when Lincoln’s assassination less than two months into his second term elevated Johnson to the presidency. American Civil War Though Lincoln did not shift his policies, he appeased the Radical Republicans somewhat by replacing a member of his cabinet whose conservative views on racial issues had come under criticism. Republicans gained seats in the House of Representatives, making their plurality into a majority. Many had seen the brutality of slavery and Lincoln was very popular among them. 1970/1980 stood for rebellion. On election day, Lincoln prevailed handily, winning 212 of 233 total electoral votes. Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account. Lincoln would be assassinated shortly into his second term. The war between the North and the South had persisted longer than many had anticipated, and the Union army’s efforts in early 1864 provided little hope for an expeditious conclusion. in English. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Despite misgivings among some Republican party leaders, Lincoln won renomination on the first ballot. Many Northern Democrats who supported the war as a means of preserving the Union had been dismayed by the Emancipation Proclamation (1863), the promulgation of which suggested to them that slaves’ rights had also become a principal objective of the conflict. https://amzn.to/3fdakiZMr. National Union President Abraham Lincoln was elected to a second term, while the Republicans added to their majorities in Congress. John M. Cunningham graduated from Kalamazoo College in 2000 with a B.A. Lincoln's chances of reelection in 1864 were dim. As the 1864 election approached, the prospect that Pres. damn. U.S. presidential election of 1860, American election in which Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell. groups used flags to symoblize rebellion. Although the Democratic Party was generally unified in its opposition to emancipation, in 1864 it found itself divided between those who favoured the continuation of the war and those who sought peace through a negotiated settlement with the South. The results of the 1864 U.S. presidential election are provided in the table. .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Democratic seat 1864 and 1865 United States House of Representatives elections, 1864 and 1865 United States Senate elections, "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives", "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1864_United_States_elections&oldid=997981623, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1864 House of Representatives election results, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 04:59. Abraham Lincoln would gain a second term was very much in doubt. Horatio Seymour. Hey everyone, with the election in the news I was wondering about how the Presidential election of 1864 worked in the South. [6], In the Senate, Republicans gained several seats, and continued to hold a majority. The simplest answer and most accurate one is that on the first day of his presidency McClellan would have declared the war over. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Republicans, radical and otherwise, supported Lincoln's bid for re-election. Get an answer to your question “How did General Grant's total war strategy affect the presidential election of 1864? Updates? He was presiding over a bloody civil war, and the public was losing confidence in him. began a surreptitious campaign for the nomination but hastily ended it after pamphlets intended for private distribution were leaked to the press. Think a little thing like a Civil War is going to get in the way of a Presidential election? Source: United States Office of the Federal Register. In the Presidential election, National Union Party nominee President Abraham Lincoln defeated Democratic nominee former General George B. For much of the ’64 campaign season, Lincoln downplayed his chances of reelection and Notice that citizens of the Confederacy did not vote in the election. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Hannibal Hamlin on the ticket with Several names were discussed as potential Republican challengers to Lincoln. Election of 1864 Lincoln's chances for reelection appeared dim for much of 1864. Cover of sheet music for “McClellan Is the Man,” poetry by Charles Leighton and music by Henry Cromwell, 1864. No president had won a second term since Andrew Jackson more than 30 years ago. Over the centuries, voting by mail has become an attractive alternative to going to the polls. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate. Torchlight procession for George B. McClellan during the U.S. presidential campaign of 1864. …reunited in time for the election of 1864.…, …for vice president on Lincoln’s reelection ticket of 1864. Salmon P. Chase Lincoln formed a bipartisan electoral alliance with War Democrats by selecting Democrat Andrew Johnson as his running mate and campaigning on the National Union ticket, making this the first and to date only election in which a winning ticket was composed of members of two separate parties. The official convention for Republicans was held in Baltimore several weeks later. Meanwhile, McClellan’s campaign flailed as his repudiation of the peace plank in the Democratic platform provoked further tensions within his party. A more formidable challenge came from former Republican presidential nominee The Ultimate American Presidential Election Book: Every Presidential Election in American History (1788-2016) is now available! McClellan. . The 1864 United States presidential election, the 20th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1864.In the midst of the American Civil War, incumbent President Abraham Lincoln of the National Union Party easily defeated the Democratic nominee, former General George B. McClellan, by a wide margin of 212–21 in the electoral college, with 55% of the popular vote. The 1868 United States presidential election was the 21st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1868.In the first election of the Reconstruction Era, Republican nominee Ulysses S. Grant defeated Horatio Seymour of the Democratic Party.. Lincoln won elections held in Louisiana and Tennessee, which collectively had an additional 17 electoral votes, but these electoral votes were not counted by Congress. On Election Day—November 8, 1864—Lincoln and McClellan each needed 117 electoral votes (out of a possible 233) to win the presidency. How did the election of 1860 happen? Lincoln had much to contend with. 1864 Election: In July of 1863, the tide of the war began to turn with the fall of Vicskburg and the Union victory at Gettysburg but the war was far from over. Abraham Lincoln struggled to contain the “fire in the rear” during the Civil War. The McClellan-Pendleton ticket only carried the states of Delaware… Also there was the soldiers. The fate of the 1864 presidential election in the United States – and that of the entire nation – could have turned out differently due to a conspiracy … For the results of the subsequent election, see United States presidential election of 1868. , it was contested only by the states that had not seceded from the Union. [5] Despite factionalism in the Republican Party and earlier concern about the progress of the war, Lincoln easily carried the popular vote and won the greatest share of the electoral vote since James Monroe won re-election unopposed in 1820. Asked by Wiki User 39 40 41 See Answer Top Answer Wiki User Answered 2011 -03-28 12:26:35 The Democratic Party had … The 1864 United States elections were held on November 8, 1864. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The former faction found a candidate in Gen. George B. McClellan, who had led the Union army in 1861–62 but was personally contemptuous of Lincoln. 1864 Election Facts Welcome: Kansas, Nevada and West Virginia become states during this election cycle Due to secession, southern states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Omissions? He worked at Britannica from 2004 to 2018. Abraham Lincoln, photograph by Mathew Brady, 1864. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Contributing to his victory were the predominantly Republican votes of Union soldiers, many of whom had been allowed to cast ballots in the field or else had been furloughed to vote in their home districts. , gravitated toward New York Gov. KA's historian Kim discusses the year 1864 of the Civil War, including Sherman's March to the Sea and the election of 1864. The Ford’s Theatre Museum today features a section on the political troubles of 1864 and that year’s presidential election. , a former Democratic senator from Tennessee. Abraham Lincoln Troops from New York were allowed to … The latter faction, centred mainly in the Midwest and popularly known as the More importantly, Lincoln was weakened by widespread criticism of his handling of the It was surprising that Abraham Lincoln won the presidency in 1860, given that his name did not even appear on the ballot in Southern states. At the same time, a faction within Lincoln’s own party—the antislavery Radical Republicans—contended that the actual emancipation of slaves was not being accomplished quickly enough and that the president’s proposals for readmitting Confederate states to the Union were too lenient. John C. Frémont United States presidential election of 1864, American presidential election held on Nov. 8, 1864, in which Republican Pres. In OTL, the 1864 election saw Abraham Lincoln and his running mate Andrew Johnson defeat George McClellan and his running mate George Pendleton in an electoral landslide. The election of 1860 proved to be the breaking point for an already unstable nation. Test your knowledge of U.S. presidents and first ladies with this in-depth quiz. The 1860 election … . [7], For the 1864 election, the Republican presidential ticket was labeled as the. However, since they had not been readmitted back to the Union, the Congress did not count their votes. 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