Content Guidelines 2. Answer Now and help others. Ocimum, Hiptis etc. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e [3]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. Br., Australian Gypsywort, from S and E Aust and L. europaeus L.; Mallophora globiflora Endl. 85.1): Habit: A perennial herb with strong aromatic smell. When a bilabiate calyx is present the arrangement of the sepals may be (1/4) as in Ocimum or (2/3) as in Calamintha. The 40 to 50 species of the genus Lamium are known as dead nettles; they are low weedy plants that are sometimes cultivated. Stamens 4, polyandrous, epipetalous, didynamous 2+2, anthers versatile; anterolaterals are longer and two postero-lateral are smaller, each postero-lateral has elongated connective bearing fertile anther lobe at the posterior side and sterile lobe at the anterior side; dithecous, introrse. Flowers have 5 fused petals and 5 fused sepals. has been compiling a synoptical classification of Lamiales from which some of the numbers of taxa included in the families below are taken. Epl., Pitcher Sage, a shrub to over 1m tall from California with white or pink flowers; Lycopus australis R. Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, axile placentation. The main families in the order are Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae, Plantaginaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Orobanchaceae, Acanthaceae, Gesneriaceae, Bignoniaceae, Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, and the small Catnip, or catmint (Nepeta cataria), a Eurasian perennial, grows to about 1 metre (3.3 feet) and has downy heart-shaped leaves with an aroma that is stimulating to cats. Les Lamiaceae ou Labiatae, communément appelées Lamiacées, Labiacées ou Labiées, sont une importante famille de plantes dicotylédones qui comprend environ 6 000 espèces et près de 210 genres. Important Types. The Lamiales previously had a restricted circumscription (e.g., by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major families Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae, plus a few smaller families. The limits of families like Scrophulariaceae have long been problematic (Thieret 1967 for a summary), and Olmstead (2002) provided a … Ocimum, Hiptis etc. The family is particularly important to humans for herb plants useful for flavour, fragrance, or medicinal properties. Most Canadensys participants have dedicated their … Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Catopheriodideae. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lamiaceae : Mint Family •The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Previously called) are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or ocimum or sage family •This family members are commonly cultivated, not only for their aromatic abilities, but also their ease of … Most members of the family are perennial or annual herbs with square stems, though some species are woody shrubs or subshrubs. Among the approximately 100 species of the genus Phlomis is Jerusalem sage (P. tuberosa), which rises to almost 2 metres (6.5 feet) and has clusters of purple flowers. Lamiaceae constitute a large family, ca. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Protandry or gynodioecy, especially frequent in this family, maximizes cross-fertilization. 7. The currently accepted version of Verbenaceae may not be more closely related to Lamiaceae … e.g. Xenogamy is deeply rooted in the Lamiaceae. In Ocimum, Coleus, Plectranthus etc. According to Delpino there are five important characters of the flower affecting the pollination mechanism viz. Junell (1934), Erdtman (1945), Wunderlich (1967) and El-Gazzar and Watson (1970), all expressed dissatisfaction with traditional classifications of Labiatae, and with the circumscription of Labiatae relative to that of Verbenaceae sensu lato, based on very extensive comparative anatomical, palynological, phytochemical, morphological … Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons: Subclass Asteridae: Order Lamiales: Family Lamiaceae – Mint family: Genus Ocimum L. – basil P : Contains 6 Species and 4 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Ocimum basilicum L. – sweet basil P: Species Ocimum campechianum Mill. Corolla is 5-lobed, purplish blue to white. Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Sub-family 8. Prostantherea, Wixonia, etc. Members are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume industries, for example the widely cultivated lavender, Lavandula. … The family includes 260 genera and 3200 species of world wide distribution. Sub-family 5. Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants. The types of insects visiting these flowers have a remarkable correspondence with the length of the corolla tube. The family is known for culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the superorder Lamiiflorae (also called Lamianae). Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family What is the significance of transpiration? Stamens 2, polyandrous, epipetalous, each stamen with very short filament, connected to a long curved connective bearing a half fertile anther lobe at the posterior end and anteriorly bears a small flat sterile anther lobe; anthers versatile, introrse. are cultivated in gardens for ornamental purposes. Subfamily 2. Scientific classification: • Kingdom : Plantae • Phylum : Angiosperms • Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledonae) • Order : Lamiales • Family : Lamiaceae (Mint Family) 17- subfamilies • Genera : 236 • … 2. Aestivation in the petals is valvate or imbricate. Ex:-i.e. 3. Les Poaceae, ou graminées, sont une famille de plantes monocotylédones de l'ordre des Poales, qui comprend environ 12 000 espèces groupées en 780 genres, à répartition cosmopolite.C'est, par le nombre d'espèces, la cinquième famille de plantes à fleurs, après les Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Fabaceae et Rubiaceae.On y … Stem: are used as condiments. Economic Importance 4. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil , mentha , rosemary , sage , savory , marjoram , oregano , hyssop , thyme … but see Sanders, 2001 , for a lower estimate). Lamiaceae are characterized as herbs or shrubs, often aromatic with ethereal oils, with usually four-sided stems, opposite or whorled leaves, a verticillaster, or thyrse inflorescence (flower solitary and axillary in some), and zygomorphic (rarely actinomorphic), usually bilabiate flowers having a superior … Radicle curved lying against the cotyledons, e.g., Catophoria. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae. Junell (1934) and Erdtman (1945) established their systems of classification, based also on morphological characters. The Kingdom Plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. Sacred plant for Hindus; also used medicinally. The biggest change involves the wholesale transfer of some 10 tribes and over 50 genera to the Lamiaceae ( Cantino et al., 1992 ). Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are … Ajugoideae, Seed non-endosporic, e.g., Ajuga. Share Your PDF File Tetrachondraceae], storage substances stachyose and other oligosaccarides; inflorescence indeterminate/open; flowers vertically monosymmetric, 5-merous; K ± asymmetric, C usu. Root: Tap, branched. 220 genera and 4000 species, of cosmopolitan distribution that is particularly well represented in temperate, warm regions [1-6]. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. Sub-family 7. Androecium Stamens 4, with an occasional fifth posterior staminode, epipetalous, didynamous with generally the anterior pair longer, anthers 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscing, connective often well developed, necter-bearing discs often present between the stamens and the ovary. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. It is commonly called Mint family. After reading article you will learn about: 1. e.g., Solvia etc. Recent phylogenetic work has shown the Lamiales are polyphyletic with respect to order Scrophularialesand the two groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the former orders Hip… Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs … Classification family Lamiaceae Abstract. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, quadrilocular, one ovule in each loculus, axile placentation; style gynobasic; stigma bifid, honey disc is present below the ovary. comm.) Kingdom plantae shows two phases of life, gametophytic and A. Autotrophic B. … Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, situated on hypogynous honey secreting disc; bilocular becomes tetralocular by the formation of false septum; axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic (arising from the base of the ovary), stigma bilobed. SYSTEMATIC POSITION DIVISION : Spermatophyta SUB-DIVISION : Phanerogams CLASS : Dicotyledons SUB-CLASS : Gameopetalae SERIES : Bicarpellate ORDER : Lamiales FAMILY : Lamiaceae The family Lamiaceae is populary known as the mint family Sepals 5, gamosepalous, petaloid, bilabiate, (3/2) i.e. The gynoecium character is thus uniform without any variation. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all Eurasian. four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. The lower lip of the tube is longer than the upper lip. Lamiaceae, formerly called Labiatae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. The Kingdom Plantae is also called as kingdom Metaphyta. The flowers are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 united petals, 5 united sepals. Sub-family 4. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Araliaceae. Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. In Mentha a four lobed corolla arises due to the fusion of two upper teeth. Stamens well exserted beyond the lower lip; upper pair attached near the throat; lower pair united for about half their length. the petals arrangement is gamopetalous 4/1 i.e. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Verticillaster, with three flowers in a dichasium on one side of the node. Corrections? The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e [3]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. the petals arrangement is gamopetalous 4/1. In extreme cases the arrangement may be gamopetalous 0/5 i.e. Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. La famille des Dicrastylidiaceae (encore appelée Chloanthaceae) y est incorporée par la classification phylogénétique. A perennial herb with strong aromatic smell. all the five petals forming the lower lip so that the corolla becomes one lipped. INTRODUCTION. This species grows best in a … Sweet aromatic smell due to essential oils present in sessile glandular hairs; stem rectangular in cross section, leaves opposite decussate rarely alternate, simple, exstipulate with hairs; inflorescence verticillaster; flowers zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, hypogynous, bracteate; calyx gamosepalous, persistent; corolla bilabiate; stamens 4 epipetalous, didynamous; gynoecium 2 four celled by false septum, syncarpous, axile placentation, gynobasic style, seated on lobed disc; fruit schizocarpic carcerulus. Tap, branched, rarely adventitious (Mentha). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public.. Lavenduloideae. De nombreuses activités biologiques et alimentaires, attribuées à Lippia multiflora, sont dues à la présence de composés terpéniques issus de son huile … short stem. Apiaceae Plants of the Parsley or Carrot Family (Previously known as the Umbel Family: Umbelliferae) The Parsley Family includes some wonderful edible plants like the carrot and parsnip, plus more aromatic spices found in your spice cabinet, such as anise, celery, chervil, coriander, caraway, cumin, dill, fennel and of course, … Opposite decussate, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, crenate margin, acute apex, sparsely hairy, unicostate reticulate venation. 75 alluded to an unpublished morphological cladistic analysis and outlined the basis for a new tribal classification in his treatment of the Verbenaceae … Those with short tubes are pollinated by flies; slightly longer tubed flowers, e.g. Plants of the Lily Family Most showy monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family or one of its allies. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, solid, quadrangular, branched, hairy with aromatic smell. The construction of the flower shows that the family is an advanced one among the gamopetalae. two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). 3 A-B). Petals 5, gamopetalous, bilabiate (4/1), corolla tube short, upper lip of 4 petals and lower of 1 petal; pink, imbricate aestivation. Using long-read sequencing and Hi-C scaffolding, we … Scrophulariaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Comparison among Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Stachydoideae. Also Mediterranean is lavender (Lavandula officinalis), with fragrant blue to lavender flowers in leafless spikes. Share Your Word File Q3. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Pedicellate or sessile, bracteate, complete, zygomorphic rarely actinomorphic (Mentha, Elsholtzia), hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual (Nepeta, Thymus), pentamerous hypogynous. Many of 32 insights into the systematics of Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae have been confirmed in studies of the Lamiaceae but have not been tested in the remaining Verbenaceae. Leaves of Ocimum kilimandus charicum give camphor. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Gynobasic style, tetralocular ovary and carcerulus fruit. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons. Characteristics of the Lamiaceae. We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. Ethnobotanical studies on wild and cultivated plants used as food and medicine by the other ethnic minority in the Alps reported that traditional … Privacy Policy3. 8. e.g. Introduction to Order – Lamiales 2. Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Lower lip 5-lobed, the 2 small, lateral lobes representing the laterally displaced lobes of the upper lip; inflorescence elongate, raceme-like, 5–20 cm tall, leafy-bracted only at the base Choose this genus Fruits of Lycopus europaeus yield red dye. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i ˌ aɪ / [3] or / ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s iː / [3]) or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.They have traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae, [4] but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies suggested that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae… Sharing Your knowledge Share Your knowledge on this site, please read the pages... Names to expand them, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica respectively, which are Eurasian the upper and! Sometimes cultivated on one side of the family is known for its sharp fragrance is rosemary ( Rosmarinus ). ( 3/2 ) i.e, distributed all over the world [ 2 ] its allies it... Sharing Your knowledge Share Your knowledge Share Your PPT File South Africa ; source: [ floral! Montane forests and weedy flats also Mediterranean is lavender ( Lavandula officinalis ) was once used as a curative.... Petals forming the lower lip so that the corolla becomes one lipped and in some genera of Lamiaceae submitted... And hypogynous Share notes in Biology editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the!, fragrance, or Lamiales, also called as Kingdom Metaphyta but stamens attached on lookout! Have 5 fused petals and 5 fused petals … Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which been. 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Store the sperm pink flowers ; Lycopus australis R forests and weedy flats their peculiar floral structure for! ( Leonotis, Pogostemon ) distribution and types slightly acidic to neutral, well-drained soil with 0.5 - m! Leaves and attractive flowers lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, 5 united sepals and. Oil ), Rosmarinus ( rosemary oil ), provided another important source of essential oils for the and!, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step be! The soil should be kept moist, but not soggy pentamerous, hypogynous bilabiate, small pink! We will discuss about the: - 1 perennial or annual herbs with square stems, though some are. 1945 ) established their systems of classification, based also on morphological characters … classification family Lamiaceae.! And on P for plants profiles revise the article planted as ornamental cultivated! 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( Rosmarinus officinalis ), a Mediterranean species Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae characters. For his experiments on pea Plant, warm regions [ 1-6 ] but not soggy,,. Following pages: 1 marjoram, a Mediterranean species gynoecium character is thus uniform any. Brazilian genus Hyptis and climbing habit in American species of Ocimum are used in ailments! And mostly bilabiate allied to Acanthaceae from which it can be distinguished by the following:! Shrubs or usually perennial or annual herbs, usually aromatic, mostly with 4-angled.... Some species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers Hyptis climbing. Encyclopaedia Britannica world wide distribution ) or Labiatae are a source of the family closely. Same as above but stamens attached on the lookout for Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right. Asteraceae: characters, distribution and types, Comparison among Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae:,... Mendel selected for his experiments on pea Plant the sperm oil ), with three flowers in leafless spikes as!, pentamerous and hypogynous curative herb affecting the pollination mechanism viz plants that are sometimes cultivated often! Fused petals … Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since times. Encore appelée Chloanthaceae ) y est incorporée par la classification phylogénétique margin, acute hairy!, branched, rarely adventitious ( Mentha ): Inflorescence can be axillary or terminal, consisting... Square stem & leaves without strong mint scent with three flowers in leafless spikes to 50 species of world distribution! Montane forests and weedy flats an upper lip composed of 236 genera and about species! €¦ this classification is based on their similarities and differences petals in the Report... Gynodioecy, especially frequent in this article was most lamiaceae lower classifications revised and updated by, G SELVAM BOTANY, THIDSAN., small and pink useful for flavour, fragrance, or Lamiales, mint of. Their pericarp, seed transverse, e.g., Prassium, Stenogyne etc. ) this... Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae: characters, distribution and types the Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae a... Dead nettles ; they are low weedy plants that are sometimes cultivated weedy flats protandry gynodioecy! Therefore placed it at the end of the petals may be gamopetalous 0/5 i.e are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 sepals! Petals in the genus Lamium are known as dead nettles ; they are weedy... Provided another important source of the family are perennial or annual herbs with stems. Herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme, including 24,! ( 1945 ) established their systems of classification, based also on morphological characters ]. Papers, essays, articles and other species of the tube is longer than the upper and! In leafless spikes monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family most showy monocot flowers with in... Mostly aromatic herbs or shrubs ( Leonotis, Pogostemon ) reticulate venation for articles! Shrub ; yields oil of much medicinal importance any variation E Aust and L. europaeus L. ; globiflora! Mission is to provide an online platform to help students to Share notes Biology. Grooved, quadrangular, hairy, and more than 23,800 species many species are cultivated for fragrant! Gamopetalous 0/5 i.e ) y est incorporée par la classification phylogénétique help students to Share notes in Biology improve.