The fort was constructed as part of a chain of forts which were built along the eastern seaboard between 1817-1865. Defend the Harbor against hostile warships and sea attack. Federal forces continued to occupy Fort Macon through the remainder of the war. For the 12 years after the war, Federal soldiers continued to occupy the fort. Fort Hawkins, birthplace of Macon, GA. Archaeology, Car shows,We are extremely proud of the new Macon - Bibb County Seal and we would like to thank Mayor Robert A.B. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. A history of the fort. A total of 54 guns were mounted for its defense (consisting of 10- and 8-inch Columbiads, also rifled and smoothbore 32- and 24-pounders). 4.H.2.SS - Understand how notable structures, symbols and place names are significant to North Carolina. Walk-up camping are available only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads. The fort was virtually abandoned except for caretakers until 1898 when, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, it was occupied by a portion of the Third North Carolina Volunteers, an all-Black regiment commanded by Colonel James Young, also an African American. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. Fort Macon was named for Nathaniel Macon, very prominent North Carolina statesman of that period. Get Directions ». weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. Weather appropriate clothing. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. The purpose of Fort Macon was to guard Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, the only major deep water ocean port in North Carolina. Paul Branch, a ranger/historian at Fort Macon has illustrated his book with original engineering … Rooms have fireplaces, two holes in ceiling for ventilation, and outer windows which are in reality rifle loopholes and gun ports. North Carolina Confederate forces occupied the fort for a year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons. 649 were here. Most trails, restrooms, playgrounds, and several boat ramps are open. History of Fort Macon and coastal defense In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. Gutters in the walls caught rain water filtering through the sand from above and piped it to the four large cisterns located in the corners below the parade ground (they could hold 22,000 gallons). 2303 East Fort Macon Rd Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. There were 40 men living in each room. The turning point of the battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact and signalled range correction to the batteries. The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. Only one man, ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was in the fort at the time. 8.C.1 - Understand how different cultures influenced North Carolina and the United States. 8.G.1 - Understand the geographic factors that influenced North Carolina and the United States. Volume I, pages 652-54. (Submitted on May 29, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) Fort Macon's largest public parking area, the Boathouse, is located close to the entrance, but history buffs will want to drive on until they reach the official entrance to the Fort Macon Historic Site. *Note: Works well combined with Civil War Musket Firing program. A concise general history of Fort Macon. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. At the outbreak of World War II, the U.S.Army leased the park from the state and actively manned the fort with Coast Artillery troops once again to protect a number of important nearby facilities. Gen. John G. Parke was sent to capture Fort Macon. North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent future attacks and began efforts to construct forts. COVID-19 information for parks under Modified Stay at Home Order, Maintain a social distance of 6 feet, regardless of the behavior of others, Bring a mask or face covering; they are required to be worn inside buildings and when social distancing cannot be implemented, Share the trail — warn other trail users of your presence, step to the side or wait at the end of a bridge, Do not enter restrooms until others have cleared out and please be patient when staff is cleaning them, Wash or sanitize your hands before, during, and after your visit, Do not share equipment like phones or cameras with other visitors, If the park seems crowded when you arrive, come back another time, Stay at home if you are exhibiting symptoms. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. Robert E. Lee, a captain of Army Engineers, visited the fort in December, 1840, making a thorough inspection of it. On April 25, 1862, Parke’s Union forces bombarded the fort with heavy siege guns for 11 hours, aided by the fire of four Union navy gunboats in the ocean offshore and by floating batteries in the sound to the east. For detailed information about the history of Fort Macon, visit the Friends of Fort Macon Website at www Often, an ordnance sergeant acting as a caretaker was the only person stationed by the Army at the fort. Brig. Cost of construction was $463,790. As a part of this defense, a small masonry fort named Fort Hampton, after a North Carolina Revolutionary War hero, was built to guard Beaufort Inlet during 1808-09. Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britian caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of forts for protection. The most prisoners confined here at one time was 120, and the west wing was used mainly for their quarters. were part of the same program and could be considered sister forts of Fort Macon. Fort Macon: A History Paul Branch This is a story of Fort Macon, one of America’s most visited forts, describing the many dramatic parts it has played in our history. Fort Macon has a rich history as a Civil War site, but its story also features an ambitious doctor named Elliott Coues, whose interest in the natural surroundings helped focus attention on environmental science in and Finally, in 1924, the state acquired it from the Federal Government with the intentions of making it into a state park. Fort Macon was a part of this system. Other forts on the coast (Sumter, Pulaski, Jackson, Jefferson, Morgan, Monroe, etc.) Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, welcoming more than 1 million visitors each year. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. Fort is of pentagon shape. Seven Confederates were killed, eighteen wounded. Fort Macon Looking over the fort's moat at the sally port. Active garrisons occupied Fort Macon in 1834-36, 1842-44, and 1848-49. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. These were the most guns the fort ever had. fort, Fort Macon, was a part of this chain. Two ships suffered damage. The War of 1812 demonstrated the weakness of existing coastal defenses and prompted the United States government into beginning construction on an improved chain of coastal fortifications for national defense. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, who procured the funds to build the fort. A system of stone jetties was constructed in the 1840s to control erosion. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. U.S. Navy Department, The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of Rebellion, 30 Volumes (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1894-1927). "Lifesavers of the Crystal Coast" DESCRIPTION Station Fort Macon's primary goals are to serve the Crystal Coast's boating public, while performing the United States Coast Guard's 11 primary missions. It was sometimes filled with water which came up from the sound though a canal and passed under the outer wall by means of a culvert. 9:00am to 5:00pm On October 1, 1946, the Army returned the fort and the park to the state. Seventeen guns were knocked out or damaged. Parke easily captured Morehead City and Beaufort on March 23 and 26, respectively, and then transferred his troops, supplies, and artillery over to Bogue Banks. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. There was such exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender the following morning, April 26. One side guards mouth of inlet, two guard channel and back sounds, one looks over harbor, and one covers beach approaches. He was 27 years old, ranked number two in the West Point Class of 1858, and suffered from severe epilepsy. Just before the Federal attack (March, 1862), the garrison was reduced to five artillery companies, all of which were from North Carolina, and two of which were from Carteret County. It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. American Prairie Filmworks Recommended for you Reconstruction was ending and Government troops were being removed from the South. For specific details about each park, please visit the park website page. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. Walls of Fort Macon Credits. Lee noted in 1840 the site of the fort was denoted by a line of breakers offshore. General John G. Parke, was then sent down from New Bern to capture Fort Macon. 7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. Construction of the present fort … Fort Macon was designed by Brig. 4.G.1.SS - Understand how human, environmental and technological factors affect the growth and development of North Carolina. It is our mission to support Fort Macon State Park’s restoration and preservation as well as maintain and develop educational exhibits. There are 26 casemates in fort (including sally port). However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. The outer wall of fort (scarp wall) is about 24 feet high. The fort was seized April 14, 1861, by a company of local troops acting without state orders. The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. Twenty-six vaulted rooms (also called casements) are enclosed by outer walls that are 4.5 feet (1.4 m) thick. Finally, in 1903, the U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort. Fort Macon is waiting for you! Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. Walter Clark (ed. This same article on the capture of Fort Macon appeared in both The Prescott Journal and The Hudson North Star on May 7, 1862. CCSS.Literacy.RI.4.7 - Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively. Five-sided Fort Macon is constructed of brick and stone. Indeed, Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747, and again by the British in 1782. A history of the fort. Burnside allowed the garrison members to return home on parole until exchanged. Swim beaches and areas are closed. Larger outdoor facilities with a maximum capacity of more than 50 people are also not available for reservation. Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. Federal fire was missing the fort for most of the morning due to obscuring battle smoke. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. The Battle of Fort Macon was fought there during March and April 1862. Parke’s men captured Morehead City and Beaufort without resistance, then landed on Bogue Banks during March and April to operate against Fort Macon. Col. Moses J. Fort Macon State Park. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. The fort had no mortars of its own and was unable to do much damage to the Federals in return. By the 1940s the park was serving the public, thanks to their massive efforts. The fort was first garrisoned in December, 1834, although no guns were given for its defense until a year afterward. Beaufort was captured and pillaged by the Spanish (1747), and captured by the English (1782), (see article: Blackbeard’s visit to Beaufort Inlet). Early in 1862, Union forces commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside swept through eastern North Carolina, and part of Burnside’s command under Brig. 1615 Mail Service Center Volume IX, pages 270-294. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. It was named in honor of Nathaniel Macon (1758-1837), a U.S. congressman, senator, and leading Republican statesman of North Carolina. The state quickly garrisoned the fort with more companies, making in all about 900 men. Fort Macon: History - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Indoor facilities are currently not available for reservation. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. Paul R. Branch Jr. has served as a park ranger and historian at Fort Macon State Park for more than 30 years. The stairways provided added protection against shellfire. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. Paul Branch, The Siege of Fort Macon (Morehead City, NC: Herald Printing, 1982). Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. Volume I, pages 247-257. Fort Macon was held by both Confederate and Union forces throughout history and Blackbeard the pirate was documented to pass alongside the fort through Beaufort Inlet History Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. The Union army held Fort Macon for the remainder of the war, while Beaufort Harbor served as an important coaling and repair station for the Union navy. The War Between the States began on April 12, 1861, and only two days elapsed before local North Carolina militia forces from Beaufort arrived to seize the fort for the state of North Carolina and the Confederacy. Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. The eastern point of Bogue Banks was determined to be the best location from which a fort might guard the entrance to Beaufort Inlet. Fort Macon was deactivated after 1877 only to be regarrisoned by state troops once again during the summer of 1898 for the Spanish-American War. Two American soldiers were injured in Casemate 2 when a cannon shot they had placed in the fireplace as an andiron exploded from the heat of the fire. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. The purple-gray stone used for stairways and coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone. Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. In 1756 construction began there on a small fascine fort known as Fort Dobbs. White, of Mississippi. There are no equipment rentals and concessions available. Three demands to surrender were refused by the fort. As a result of congressional economizing, the fort was actively garrisoned only from 1834-1836, 1842-1844 and 1848-1849. The wall inside fort overlooking parade ground is 17 feet high. Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. Hospital, stables, storage buildings and quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort. Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. Check out our regularly or seasonally available activities below. The Confederates responded with at least 21 of their 54 guns which could bear on the Federal positions. The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. U.S. War Department, War of Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 Volumes in 128 Parts (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901). The fort was garrisoned in 1834 and named after U.S. While the fort easily repulsed the Union gunboat attack, the Union land batteries, utilizing new rifled cannons, hit the fort 560 times. Blackbeard and other pirates passed through Beaufort Inlet at will, while successive wars with Spain, France and Great Britian during the Colonial Period provided a constant threat of coastal raids by enemy warships. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. Some 9.2 million bricks were used. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. After World War II, the fort again became a state park. Available at Fort Macon Bookstore and at bookstores in Morehead City/Beaufort Area, Paul Branch, Fort Macon, A History (Charleston, SC: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1999) The definitive history of the Fort. Vol. Campgrounds remain open under the order. Thank you for following these guidelines and helping us keep you, your fellow visitors and our staff safe as we open facilities at our parks. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. The purpose was to prevent enemy soldiers from overrunning the ditch and moat to penetrate into the main part of the fort. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. The fort was built in 1826 and garrisoned in 1834. Chief Engineers who were responsible for constructing the fort were Lieutenant William Eliason, Captain John L. Smith and Lieutenant George Dutton, U.S. Army Engineers. There is plenty of history to learn about and sights to see while you visit with us here at Fort Macon State Park. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. The fort’s Confederate garrison was then paroled as prisoners of war. A number of allied ships and one German submarine were sunk just off the coast from the fort. For about 11 years during this era, since there were no state or federal penitentiaries in the military district of North and South Carolina, Fort Macon was used as a civil and military prison, until 1876. Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … The Confederate force was later attacked in 1862, and the fort fell int… Volume I, pages 489- 491; 499-511. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but was abandoned after the end of the war. XXVII (April, 1950), pages 163-77. John G. Barrett, The Civil War in North Carolina (Chapel Hill: University of N.C. Press, 1963), pages 10-11, 113-120. 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