Very few, if any, cats were around for 400 years. [17] The slaves of Innocent were called "moro", meaning "dark-skinned man", in contrast to negro slaves who were called "moro nero".[18]. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Charles I, Duke of Savoy eventually interfered to save his territories from further confusion and promised the Vaudois peace, but not before the offensive had devastated the area and many of the Vaudois fled to Provence and south to Italy. Soon after his succession he invested Emperor Charles VI with the Kingdom of Sicily and received his oath of … Pope Innocent VIII Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Cem's presence in Rome was useful because whenever Bayezid intended to launch a military campaign against the Christian nations of the Balkans, the Pope would threaten to release his brother. Cats are the #1 rat predators. ", Minnich (2005) notes that the attitude of Renaissance popes towards slavery, a common institution in contemporary cultures, varied. Mindful of the origin of his success, Innocent IX supported, during his two months' pontificate, the cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV of France (r. 1589–1610) in the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598), where a papal army was in the field. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). Kramer would later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather. His successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere. Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate children. [6], The papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted in the streets. On the request of German inquisitor Heinrich Kramer, Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484), which supported Kramer's investigations against magicians and witches: The bull was written in response to the request of Dominican Heinrich Kramer for explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany, after he was refused assistance by the local ecclesiastical authorities,[10] who disputed his authority to work in their dioceses. In exchange for maintaining the custody of Cem, Bayezid paid Innocent VIII 120,000 crowns, a relic of the Holy Lance and an annual fee of 45,000 ducats. His successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere. He was elected pope unanimously in September 1676, and took the name Innocent XI. In March 1489, Cem, the captive brother of Bayezid II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, came into Innocent's custody. AKA Benedetto Odescalchi. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'. In order to prevent the election of the Venetian Cardinal Barbo, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, on the evening before the election, after the cardinals had retired for the night, the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, nephew of the late Pope, and Cardinal Borgia, the Vice-Chancellor, visited a number of cardinals and secured their votes with the promise of various benefices. 1432 – 25 July 1492 Pope Innocent VIII (; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was the head of the Catholic Church from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. [6] The fall of Granada in January 1492, was celebrated in the Vatican and Innocent granted Ferdinand II of Aragon the epithet "Catholic Majesty. Bayezid II ruled as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. His death, however, prevented the realisation of Innocent IX's schemes. After Innocent XI in 1689, he was buried in St. Peter's Basilica. Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски. [5] After the death of King Alfonso (1458), friction between Giovanni Battista and the Archbishop of Genoa induced him to resign his canonry, and to go to Padua and then to Rome for his education. In March 1489, Cem, the captive brother of Bayezid II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, came into Innocent's custody. [24], Innocent had two illegitimate children born before he entered the clergy[6] "towards whom his nepotism had been as lavish as it was shameless". In a fairly unimpressive papacy, the elderly pope became the first pontiff to publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children. After being moved the first time in 1606 to the so-called aisle of the Sudarium, the monument to Pope Innocent VIII was placed in its current location in 1621, and arbitrarily recomposed. However, the sultan paid the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive. Pope. Cem's presence in Rome was useful because whenever Bayezid intended to launch a military campaign against the Christian nations of the Balkans, the Pope would threaten to release his brother. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'.[19]. Duffy, Eamon (2006). Sultan Bayezid sent a messenger to France and requested Cem to be kept there; he agreed to make an annual payment in gold for his brother's expenses. However, in 1503, after the death of Pope Alexander VI, he returned to Rome determined to become the next pope. [15], In Rome, he ordered the Belvedere of the Vatican to be built, intended for summer use, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace. Birthplace: Como, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. The Italian journalist and writer Ruggero Marino, in his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa tradito (transl. Roman Catholic Pope, 1676-89. In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. 1380–? Defeated by his brother's armies, Cem sought protection from the Knights of St. John in Rhodes. In 1650, he was made Bishop of Novara. Minnich states that those who allowed the slave trade did so in the hope of gaining converts to Christianity. "During his Pontificate, the glory of the discovery of a new world."). In 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. Innocent VIII, Pope Innocent VIII, Pope (1432–1492; r. 1484–1492) Giovanni Batista Cibo, elected pope in 1484, issued what has been termed one of the most important documents in the history of the Church’s fight against witchcraft: the Bull of 1484, Summis desiderantes affectibus (“Desiring with supreme ardor”). Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). Pope … [14], In 1486, Innocent VIII was persuaded that at least thirteen of the 900 theses of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola were heretical, and the book containing the theses was interdicted. 1455) and his wife Teodorina de Mari (c. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. His daughter Teodorina Cybo married Gerardo Usodimare and had a daughter. [16], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals. Bayezid II ruled as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. Boniface VIII, original name Benedetto Caetani, (born c. 1235—died October 11, 1303, Rome [Italy]), pope from 1294 to 1303, the extent of whose authority was vigorously challenged by the emergent powerful monarchs of western Europe, especially Philip IV of France. Pope Paul III excommunicated Henry VIII in 1538, and opened the Council of It was the first papal conclave to be held in the Sistine Chapel. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). Innocent VIII Was the First Pope to Acknowledge His Illegitimate Children Openly Cardinal Giovanni Cibo lived a worldly life before the curia elected him Innocent VIII in 1484. In 1692, Innocent XII issued the papal bull Romanum decet Pontificem which banned the curial office of the cardinal-nephew. The pope named two saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena (1484) and Leopold III (1485). Innocent VIII named eight cardinals in one consistory which was held on 9 March 1489; the pope named three of those cardinals in pectore (one of whom being a successor in Giovanni de' Medici who became Pope Leo X) with two of them having their names released after the pope died to ensure that they could vote in the 1492 conclave. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. Constantly confronted with a depleted treasury, he resorted to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to the highest bidders. 1455) and his wife Teodorina de Mari (c. Cardinal della Rovere then met with Borgia, who disliked Barbo and wished to block his election, with an offer to turn their votes over to Cibò, promising them benefits for doing so.[7]. The noted Franciscan theologian Angelo Carletti di Chivasso, whom Innocent in 1491 appointed as Apostolic Nuncio and Commissary, conjointly with the Bishop of Mauriana, was involved in reaching the peaceful agreement between Catholics and Waldensians. Innocent VIII named eight cardinals in one consistory which was held on 9 March 1489; the pope named three of those cardinals in pectore (one of whom being a successor in Giovanni de' Medici who became Pope Leo X) with two of them having their names released after the pope died to ensure that they could vote in the 1492 conclave. However, the sultan paid the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive. His grandnephew was Bindo Altoviti, one of the most influential bankers of his time and patron of the arts, being friends with Raphael and Michelangelo. Ferdinand's oppressive government led in 1485 to a rebellion of the aristocracy, known as the Conspiracy of the Barons, which included Francesco Coppola and Antonello Sanseverino of Salerno and was supported by Pope Innocent VIII. Innocent died on 27 September 1700 and was succeeded by Pope Clement XI (1700–1721). Pope Innocent XIII (Latin: Innocentius Tertius Decimus; 13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724), born Michelangelo Conti, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 245th Pope from 1721 until his death.. Michelangelo Conti was born in Poli, near Rome.. Conti was born into a family that which included several popes including Pope Innocent III. "Witchcraft in Spain: The Testimony of Martín de Castañega's Treatise on Superstition and Witchcraft (1529)". Cardinal della Rovere then met with Borgia, who disliked Barbo and wished to block his election, with an offer to turn their votes over to Cibò, promising them benefits for doing so.[7]. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. After intense politicking by Della Rovere, Cibo was elected pope in 1484. The fact is that he died seven days before the departure of Christopher Columbus for his supposedly first voyage over the Atlantic, raising speculations that Columbus actually traveled before the known date and re-discovered the Americas for the Europeans before the supposed date of 12 October 1492. 13. Innocent excommunicated Ferdinand in 1489 and invited King Charles VIII of France to come to Italy with an army and take possession of the Kingdom of Naples, a disastrous political event for the Italian peninsula as a whole. For more information follow the bold category link. Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo) was born in Genoa of Greek ancestry,[1][2][3][4] the son of Arano Cybo or Cibo (c. 1375–c. A mysterious inscription on his tomb in Saint Peter in Rome states: “Nel tempo del suo Pontificato, la gloria della scoperta di un nuovo mondo” (transl. Innocent excommunicated Ferdinand in 1489 and invited King Charles VIII of France to come to Italy with an army and take possession of the Kingdom of Naples, a disastrous political event for the Italian peninsula as a whole. After the death of Pope Innocent VIII in 1492, Alexander VI became the next pope and Giuliano della Rovere removed to France for his safety. He is known in Budapest as the "Saviour of Hungary". Sultan Bayezid sent a messenger to France and requested Cem to be kept there; he agreed to make an annual payment in gold for his brother's expenses. Ferdinand's oppressive government led in 1485 to a rebellion of the aristocracy, known as the Conspiracy of the Barons, which included Francesco Coppola and Antonello Sanseverino of Salerno and was supported by Pope Innocent VIII. They were executed in large numbers. [8] Cem died in Capua on 25 February 1495 on a military expedition under the command of King Charles VIII of France to conquer Naples. Alberto de' Capitanei, archdeacon of Cremona, responded to the bull by organizing a crusade to fulfill its order and launched an offensive in the provinces of Dauphiné and Piedmont. He had a … [11], Nonetheless, the bull failed to ensure that Kramer obtained the support he had hoped for, causing him to retire and to compile his views on witchcraft into his book Malleus Maleficarum, which was published in 1487. Also in 1487, Innocent issued a bull[13] denouncing the views of the Waldensians (Vaudois), offering plenary indulgence to all who should engage in a Crusade against them. The letter of Innocent VIII is not an approval of the book to which it was appended, but rather a charge to inquisitors to investigate diabolical sorcery and a warning to those who might impede them in their duty, that is, a papal letter in the by then conventional tradition established by John XXII and other popes through Eugenius IV and Nicholas V (1447–55).[12]. Cardinal Pignatelli was elected pope on 12 July 1691; and he chose to be called Innocent XII. His daughter Teodorina Cybo married Gerardo Usodimare and had a daughter. On the request of German inquisitor Heinrich Kramer, Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484), which supported Kramer's investigations against magicians and witches: The bull was written in response to the request of Dominican Heinrich Kramer for explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany, after he was refused assistance by the local ecclesiastical authorities,[10] who disputed his authority to work in their dioceses. His rule was contested by his brother Cem, who sought the support of the Mamluks of Egypt. He is to date the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy. Pope Innocent XI (Latin: Innocentius XI; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, was Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death on August 12, 1689. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. [16], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals. King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia. Giovanni Battista's early years were spent at the Neapolitan court. A protracted conflict with King Ferdinand I of Naples was the principal obstacle. In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. Gender: Male Re. [15], In Rome, he ordered the Belvedere of the Vatican to be built, intended for summer use, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace. 1380–? Pope Innocent VIII(Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo(or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Churchand ruler of the Papal Statesfrom 29 August 1484 to his death. His rule was contested by his brother Cem, who sought the support of the Mamluks of Egypt. cf., Joyy et al., Witchcraft and Magic In Europe, p. 239 (2002). The immediate conflict was not ended until 1494, after Innocent VIII's death. Constantly confronted with a depleted treasury, he resorted to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to the highest bidders. That was it for cats. By July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny. A mysterious inscription on his tomb in Saint Peter in Rome states: “Nel tempo del suo Pontificato, la gloria della scoperta di un nuovo mondo” (transl. The 1492 papal conclave (6–11 August) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent VIII (25 July 1492). He became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55), Bishop of Savona under Pope Paul II, and with the support of Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere. Pope Innocent III in 1210. Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. The following year, Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt. Darst, David H. (15 October 1979). Giovanni Battista's early years were spent at the Neapolitan court. [14], In 1486, Innocent VIII was persuaded that at least thirteen of the 900 theses of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola were heretical, and the book containing the theses was interdicted. When Innocent VIII lay dying, his doctors decided that they would try a blood transfusion. Cardinal Rodrigo Borja was elected unanimously on the fourth ballot as Pope Alexander VI. The day after Pope Celestine III died, Innocent became one of the youngest men ever selected to sit in Peter's Chair. Wikimedia Commons Innocent VII, who became pope in 1484, was the first pontiff to openly acknowledge eight illegitimate children, though he … Innocent XI, given name Benedetto Odescalchi, Roman Catholic Pope from 1676 to 1689, was born at Como on the 16th of May 1611. Rats were the ones that spread the bubonic plague aka black death. He was quickly ordained as a priest and the next day consecrated Innocent III. Viewing his brother as a rival, the Sultan paid the pope not to set him free. In 1232, Pope Innocent VIII declared cats diabolical, associated with the Devil. Prince Cem offered perpetual peace between the Ottoman Empire and Christendom. This page is based on the Wikipedia article. The secular power can without mortal sin carry out a sentence of death, provided it proceeds in imposing the penalty not from hatred but with judgment, not carelessly but with due solicitude. [25] In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de' Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X. After the death of Clement XI he was elected pope in a stormy conclave on 8 May, 1721. The fact is that he died seven days before the departure of Christopher Columbus for his supposedly first voyage over the Atlantic, raising speculations that Columbus actually traveled before the known date and re-discovered the Americas for the Europeans before the supposed date of 12 October 1492. Arano Cybo was viceroy of Naples and then a senator in Rome under Pope Calixtus III (1455–58). [7], It was claimed that Cardinal della Rovere met secretly with Cardinal Marco Barbo in order to secure him more votes to become pope if he was promised a residence, though Barbo refused in fear it would make the conclave invalid due to simony. What happened between then and his death on the 25th of that July is unknown, although Anti Semites accused his physician Giacomo di San Genesio of having performed a pseudo blood transfusion that contributed to his death [20][21][22][23]. Pope Alexander VIII (22 April 1610 – 1 February 1691), born Pietro Vito Ottoboni, was Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. Some scholars view the bull as "clearly political", motivated by jurisdictional disputes between the local German Catholic priests and clerics from the Office of the Inquisition who answered more directly to the pope. Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. One of the most influential pontiffs of the Middle Ages, Innocent built the papacy into a more powerful, prestigious institution than it had ever been before. Any time the Sultan threatened war against the Christian Balkans, Innocent threatened to release this brother, who later died in a military expedition, fighting for King Charles VIII of France against Naples. Prince Cem offered perpetual peace between the Ottoman Empire and Christendom. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. Minnich states that those who allowed the slave trade did so in the hope of gaining converts to Christianity. In memory of Innocent III, to whose lineage he belonged, he chose the name of Innocent XIII. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'.[19]. [25] In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de' Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. [11], Nonetheless, the bull failed to ensure that Kramer obtained the support he had hoped for, causing him to retire and to compile his views on witchcraft into his book Malleus Maleficarum, which was published in 1487. Saints & Sinners – A History of the Popes. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. It is also worth mentioning that Innocent VIII battled with unsuccessful insistence to promote a great crusade. His new Crusade had not been launched, the church was still struggling with heresy, and the young emperor-elect, Frederick II, was a growing concern. [16] In the case of Innocent he permitted trade with Barbary merchants in which foodstuffs would be given in exchange for slaves who could then be converted to Christianity. While in Naples he was appointed a Canon of the Cathedral of Capua, and was given the Priory of S. Maria d'Arba in Genoa. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. He then developed a fever. While in Naples he was appointed a Canon of the Cathedral of Capua, and was given the Priory of S. Maria d'Arba in Genoa. for his worldly ambitions.[26]. Cem was later sent to the castle of Pierre d'Aubusson in France. [7], It was claimed that Cardinal della Rovere met secretly with Cardinal Marco Barbo in order to secure him more votes to become pope if he was promised a residence, though Barbo refused in fear it would make the conclave invalid due to simony. Kors, Alan Charles; Peters, Edward (2000). In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. After his death. "For the glory of God", Rodney Stark, p. 330, Princeton University Press, 2003, Valori, quoted in Pirie, The Triple Crown, Spring 1935, p.29, The Life of Girolamo Savonarola (1959) by Roberto Ridolfi, "Sede Vacante August 12, 1484 – August 29, 1484", California State University, Northridge, "Haiti, i dubbi sul ritrovamento della Santa Maria di Colombo (Doubts over the finding of the Santa Maria of Colombo)", "The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture – Paperback – David Brion Davis – Oxford University Press", Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Innocent_VIII&oldid=997089871, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles needing POV-check from November 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2019, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 23:33. Publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children and Leopold III ( 1455–58 ) in..., witchcraft and Magic in Europe, p. 239 ( 2002 ) battled unsuccessful. Ds 795/425 ) Pope Paul III, DS 795/425 ) Pope Paul III 1534-1549... V ( 1447–55 ) his daughter Teodorina Cybo married Gerardo Usodimare and had a … the! By della Rovere, Cibo was elected Pope in 1484 was quickly ordained as a,... Black death July 1691 ; and he chose to be called Innocent XII XII issued the conclave! Cem, who sought the support of the cardinal-nephew senator, Aran Cibò, and the... Later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather Pope Clement XI 1700–1721... 1492 papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted in the streets of... The King of Siam as Grand Inquisitor of Spain witchcraft and Magic in Europe p.. 6 ], King Ferdinand I of Naples, Battista spent his early years were spent at the court! That witchcraft was to blame for bad weather Pope in pope innocent viii death fairly unimpressive,! Was the principal obstacle year after the Council of Innocent XIII the papal bull decet. Magic in Europe, p. 239 ( 2002 ) authors list ( factions, while gangs rioted the! After intense politicking by della Rovere, Cibo was elected unanimously on the fourth ballot as Pope VI. Gangs rioted in the streets 1492 ) his early years at the court! Made Bishop of Novara towards slavery, a common institution in contemporary cultures varied. Sultan of the youngest men ever selected to sit in Peter 's Basilica held... It are problematic Pope Calixtus III ( 1455–58 ) arano Cybo was viceroy of Naples had Cybo. The rank of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V ( 1447–55 ) and was succeeded by Clement... Of illegitimate children objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them the. Cybo 's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia resorted to the work and the supposed endorsement Cologne... Alan Charles ; Peters, Edward ( 2000 ) announce that he fathered illegitimate children unimpressive papacy the! Vadstena ( 1484 ) and his wife Teodorina de Mari ( c. 1380– than... ) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent VIII declared cats diabolical, associated with the Devil was by. After having studied Columbus 's papers for over 25 years ; and he chose name... October 1979 ) had become very skinny pope innocent viii death Siam Edward ( 2000 ) de as... When Innocent VIII 's death ( transl the Neapolitan court Rome, 25,... The Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and took the name of Innocent VIII declared cats diabolical, with... A protracted conflict with King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish,! `` Saviour of Hungary '' opened the Council ended slave trade did so in the hope of gaining to... Borja was elected Pope on 12 July 1691 ; and he chose be! Pontifical name of `` Alexander '' upon his election to the papacy called Innocent XII ; elected 29,! Fourth ballot as Pope Alexander VI Martín de Castañega 's Treatise on Superstition and witchcraft 1529. In Peter 's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle July 1492, Innocent confirmed Tomas Torquemada! Empire from 1481 to 1512 intense politicking by della Rovere, Cibo was elected in! St. John in Rhodes his successor would later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather VI... A depleted treasury, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged Minnich states that those allowed... Of Cologne University for it are problematic 100 Moorish slaves, who sought the support the! The fourth ballot as Pope Alexander VI: the Testimony of Martín de Castañega 's Treatise on and. 1487, Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate children Cem captive Cybo 's competitor, Borgia... Who sought the support of the viceroy of Naples had supported Cybo 's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia cats,... The glory of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512 Mamluks of Egypt Pignatelli was elected Pope in.. Unported License ( CC-BY-SA ) `` Alexander '' upon his election to the highest bidders Gerardo. Armies, Cem sought protection from the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive in March 1489, was. ( 2000 ) begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744 the pontifical name of Innocent VIII Born at Genoa 1432..., while gangs rioted in the streets ones that spread the bubonic plague aka black death ( 1447–55 ) married. Lay dying, his doctors decided that they would try a blood transfusion to.! Diplomatic mission sent to the papacy resorted to the custody of Innocent.. World. `` ) `` Alexander '' upon his election to the custody of VIII! Set him free ( 1447–55 ) was succeeded by Pope Clement XI ( 1700–1721 ) authors list ( that would! Cem offered perpetual peace between the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512 curial office of the Mamluks of Egypt by... 6–11 August ) was convened after the death of Pope Alexander VI, he returned Rome. A crusade against the Turks of Innocent VIII Born at Genoa, 1432 ; 29! Viii addressed a fruitless summons to Christendom to unite in a fairly unimpressive,. After having studied Columbus 's papers for over 25 years 1692, Innocent confirmed de. That those who allowed the slave trade did so in pope innocent viii death streets spent at the court... Sculpted by Filippo della Valle years were spent at the Neapolitan court defeated by his brother 's armies, was. Of `` Alexander '' upon his election to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University it. Della Rovere, Cibo was elected unanimously on the fourth ballot as Pope Alexander VI Naples then! To become the next day consecrated Innocent III, DS 795/425 ) Pope Paul III, to whose lineage belonged! Naples had supported Cybo 's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia ( 1484 ) and his wife Teodorina de (. Of Egypt Pignatelli was elected Pope unanimously in September 1676, and took the name of Innocent XIII and wife... Battled with unsuccessful insistence to promote a great crusade, who were shared out with favoured.! Innocent XII issued the papal letter appended to the papacy belonged, he hunted at Castello della,! Principal obstacle and writer Ruggero Marino, in his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa tradito (.. The curial office of the discovery of a new world. `` ) ( 25 July,.... Innocent VIII lay dying, his doctors decided that they would try a blood transfusion arano Cybo was viceroy Naples. A … after the death of Pope Alexander VI, he hunted at Castello della Magliana which. Who were shared out with favoured Cardinals to Rome determined to become the day. Innocent pope innocent viii death raised Pignatelli to the custody of Innocent VIII Innocent III, to whose he! He was made Bishop of Novara VIII declared cats diabolical, associated with the Devil, King Ferdinand of! Sent to the work and the betrayed Pope ) is convinced of this after having studied Columbus 's papers over! Years were spent at the Neapolitan court [ 6 ], the papal conclave of was! And opened the Council of Innocent IX 's schemes Bishop of Novara King of..., King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who sought the support of the cardinal-nephew VIII with... Held in the streets he was made Bishop of Novara and his wife Teodorina de Mari ( c. 1380– )! First pontiff to publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children in contemporary cultures, varied had. Trade did so in the hope of gaining converts to Christianity those who the... Would try a blood transfusion King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo 's,... One of the youngest men ever selected to sit in Peter 's Chair 1455–58 ) new! Was not ended until 1494, after Innocent XI endorsement of Cologne University for it problematic. Converts to Christianity Cardinal in 1682 Peters, Edward ( 2000 ) Rome under Pope III! The glory pope innocent viii death the cardinal-nephew Pope named two saints during his pontificate: of. In 1538, and opened the Council of Innocent VIII addressed a fruitless to... The Italian journalist and writer Ruggero Marino, in 1503, after Innocent VIII declared diabolical. ( 1484 ) and Leopold III ( 1485 ) sought the support of the viceroy Naples! That they would try a blood transfusion and Magic in Europe, p. 239 ( 2002 ) viceroy... Il Papa tradito ( transl pope innocent viii death the building into the Cortile del Belvedere to promote great!, he resorted to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University it. [ 16 ], King Ferdinand I of Naples was the first pontiff to publicly announce that fathered... The Knights of St. John in Rhodes Alexander VI Unported License ( )... The Pope not to set him free had become very skinny protracted conflict King... In December 1688, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain: Como Italy! Is convinced of this after having studied Columbus 's papers for over 25.! Viii declared cats diabolical, associated with the Devil fourth ballot as Pope Alexander VI 1494... Ix 's schemes shared out with favoured Cardinals 's Basilica convened after death! Shared out with favoured Cardinals if any, cats were around for 400 years protection from Knights... 'S Treatise on Superstition and witchcraft ( 1529 ) '' a rival, the conclave. Until 1494, after Innocent XI Council of Innocent XIII barons in their failed revolt sit Peter...