Finally, in 1908 Ernest Shackleton led another British expedition to Antarctica. Three men died during the expedition. Mawson, along with six others, remained in the Antarctic for another 12 months before help returned. ... Antarctica is clearly a sociopath as the only he's happy or smiles is when he is surrounded by dead bodies. January 1820: Antarctica is first sighted. Then on 6 December 1821 George Powell and Nathaniel Palmer discovered the South Orkney Islands. 19 January 1915 Endurance becomes stuck in the pack ice of the Weddell Sea. Aerial view of Casey station Repstat tunnel buildings. Furthermore in 1823 a Scot named James Weddell explored the Weddell Sea. Isolation in Antarctica: Three months, two books, and a voyage of self-discovery. They spent the winter in their base and on 20 October 1911 Roald Amundsen and 4 other men, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting set out for the South Pole. I wonder if we can do it.’ The party leave the next day. A brief history of the continent has been discussed below. : Aristotle theorizes that there must be a land mass in the south to balance the known lands in the northern hemisphere. Mount Everest climber Edmund Hillary leads part of the mission, laying supplies for the crossing party as far as the South Pole. Separately Edward Bransfield was the second person to see Antarctica on 30 January 1820. Mawson finally returned to base on 8 February 1912, only to discover that his ship had left just hours before. Then in 1897-98, a Belgian named Adrien de Gerlache led another expedition to the Antarctic. It seeks to conserve Antarctica and it is regularly revised. 24 April 1916 Six men including Shackleton leave on the James Caird in search of rescue, planning to sail 800 miles to the whaling stations of South Georgia. With this he became the first head of government and state to visit Antarctica. The name Antarctica comes from the Greek word antarktiké meaning 'opposite to the north.' Amundsen set out in a ship called the Fram in June 1910 The expedition reached Antarctica in January 1911. 1899 Norwegian Carsten Borchgrevink leads the first British expedition in what would come to be known as the ‘Heroic Age’ of Antarctic exploration. Captain Cook’s expedition 50 years previously never sighted land. Ptolemy, a Greco-Roman astronomer who lived around 100 – 170 CE, thought that an enormous far-southern landmass must exist in order to provide a planetary counterweight to … Further exploration of Antarctica was carried out by an American named Charles Wilkes in … On 9 January 1909, Shackleton, Frank Wild, Eric Marshall and Jameson Adams come within 97 miles of the South Pole, but the return trip almost costs them their lives. Read more: the shoes that survived – caring for Captain Scott’s shoes. The bodies are discovered seven months later. The continent is divided into two regions, known as East and West Antarctica. However, on 29 November 1929, an American called Richard Byrd actually flew over the South Pole. 29 March 1912 The remaining three explorers are around 11 miles from their final depot at One Ton when Scott writes his final diary entry: ‘Had we lived, I should have had a tale to tell of the hardihood, endurance and courage of my companions which would have stirred the heart of every Englishman. The expedition failed to make it back to base and Scott made his last entry in his diary on 29 March 1912. Expedition ship Discovery in Antarctica But it was not until the early 1900s that Antarctica would really seize the headlines. In 1895 another Norwegian, Henrik Bull discovered lichens growing on the Possession Islands, the first time plants had been found growing south of the Antarctic Circle. 26 February 1914 Australian explorer Douglas Mawson returns to Australia after a two-year Antarctic expedition. This is in effect until 2048, at which point it can be revisited. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. They returned to their base on 25 January 1912. 16-17 March 1912 Scott’s diary records Captain Lawrence Oates’s death. Antarctica is about 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million square km) in size, and thick ice covers about 98 percent of the land. Today many nations maintain bases in Antarctica. The United States of we shut your 3rd eye for a damn reason. They reached it on 14 December 1911. It is also the world’s highest, driest, windiest, coldest, and iciest continent. Further exploration of Antarctica was carried out by an American named Charles Wilkes in 1838-39, the Frenchman Dumont d'Urville in 1837-40 and the Scot James Ross in 1839-41. Scott arrived in Antarctica in January 1911 and he set out for the South Pole in October. A Brief History of Antarctica in Maps By Oceanwide Expeditions 02-04-2018 07:31:56 From Terra Australis to Antarctica. During the National Antarctic Expedition, Scott, Ernest Shackleton and EA Wilson travelled to within 410 miles of the South Pole before they were forced to turn back on 30 December 1902. Long before human eyes ever beheld Antarctica, the ancients were convinced it existed – or at least something like it. His body was never found. 1907-1909 Ernest Shackleton leads the second British Antarctic Expedition on the Nimrod. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. The history of Antarctica emerges from early Western theories of a vast continent, known as Terra Australis, believed to exist in the far south of the globe. Around the same time, Royal Navy officer Edward Bransfield reported seeing ‘high mountains, covered with snow’ during a British mapping expedition. Then in 1892-94, a Norwegian called Carl Larson sailed to the southern continent. 1 August 1914 Ernest Shackleton departs on the Endurance on his Trans-Antarctic Expedition, aiming to become the first to cross Antarctica from sea to sea via the South Pole. 4 TH CENTURY B.C. The first person to actually see the Antarctic mainland has been debated: in the last week of January, Thaddeus von Bellingshausen reported seeing ‘an ice shore of extreme height’ during a Russian expedition to the Antarctic. Explorers wanted to win the Race to the South Pole more than understand Antarcticas environment. 17 February 1912 Petty Officer Edgar Evans dies in his tent after collapsing during the trip back. Amundsen.’. redditormade. “Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration” (1897-1922). It was later sold to Argentina. The first man to actually see the continent of Antarctica was an Estonian named Fabian von Bellinngsingshausen on 27 January 1820. A Brief History of the ... February the 7th. 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